Why shouldn’t children learn Te Reo Māori?

DENNIS NGAWHARE

Why shouldn't children learn  Te Reo Māori? asks our columnist.

Robert Charles

Sir James Henare said that to be monolingual is to know only one universe.

Unfortunately the idea of Te Reo Māori (the Māori language) being made a compulsory subject in schools is offensive to some people.

However, restricting tamariki (children) to only one worldview limits their education and deprives them of the knowledge of Te Reo Māori and all the riches of the Māori culture.

When I attended Glenfield College (on the North Shore of Auckland) my third form class was required to learn four languages; English, French, Japanese and Māori.

There was no problem for most of the year – until the term arrived when we were to learn Māori. Suddenly several students brought in letters from their parents, demanding their children be removed from class.

The reason, as one of my classmates told me, was that Māori was a dead language and it was a waste of time studying it.

This attitude has been present since the early 1900s when the suppression of the language mirrored the oppression of Māori hapū (clans), and iwi (tribes) and the exaltation of all things English as the height of civilisation.

Legislation under the Native Schools Act 1867 and the establishment of the native schools prioritised English as the primary language of instruction. Unfortunately in many schools this unofficial policy mutated into punishment of tamariki (children) for speaking their ancestral language.

Those tamariki associated Te Reo Māori with pain, and passed this belief onto their children.

So if the Māori language was dead, who was guilty of murdering it?

 Fortuitously, the prognosis of linguistic death is premature. Regardless of misguided public opinion, the use of Te Reo Māori continues to grow.

Even though, Māori must constantly prove its validity.

As a student of Te Reo Māori, it has taken me a lifetime to learn how to speak my ancestral language, and thousands of dollars in tertiary study fees.

While I consider myself fairly proficient in Te Reo Māori, I know that it will take me years more to become fluent. Fluency in Te Reo Māori means not only learning the language, but also tribal histories, moteatea (ancient songs), proverbs, tikanga (customs and ritual) and all other aspects of the culture.

There is a wealth of wisdom encoded in the language waiting to be shared. So then what is the problem with children learning Te Reo Māori in schools?

Personally I see only benefits for children learning a second language. Most importantly it aids the development of their cognitive minds.

Furthermore the children develop an interest and empathy for other cultures and other ways of viewing the world. While there are many languages in the world, Te Reo Māori is the only language indigenous to New Zealand. It is a language carved into our islands and we are surrounded by Māori place names, so it is only natural that children are curious and receptive.

Te Reo Māori is also a significant foundation language to support learning other languages. Te Reo Māori descends from the Austonesian mother language and shares genealogical connection with most of the other languages spoken amongst the far-flung islands of the Pacific. This connection can then be traced back to Asia, where there are similarities in common words and pronunciation amongst many Asian languages. Therefore learning Te Reo Māori aids acquisition of other Pacific and Asian languages.

Within the international arena, Te Reo Māori has a tangible economic value in promoting New Zealand as a tourist destination. This point of difference in the global tourist market sets New Zealand apart from other western countries.

Of course, the language is a taonga and a priceless connection to generations of ancestors and an insight into a thriving indigenous culture.

As I write this article, I’m watching the Te Matatini National Kapahaka competition in the Hawkes Bay, where thousands of people are celebrating Māori culture and language, with live streaming to viewers all over the world.

The beauty of oratory, poetry and song is on display and there is an immense pride in the language.  Each kupu (word) spoken with correct pronunciation echoes a beautiful language. Each dollar spent on language revitalisation of Te Reo Māori is a worthy investment. Regardless of whether a person is fluent or not, language acquisition of Te Reo Māori is valuable.

That is why champions of the language promote and defend this taonga. The NPDC councillor Murray Chong discovered this fact recently with misguided comments on Facebook. While I don’t think this comments were racist, I do think uninformed remarks from elected officials need to be challenged.

Let’s move past the deficit view of Te Reo Māori and celebrate its ability to weave people together. A wealth of philosophy and knowledge wait to be shared with willing students.

So come on New Zealand, take a chance and fully embrace Te Reo Māori. Future generations will thank us for it.

 

 – Taranaki Daily News

One thought on “Why shouldn’t children learn Te Reo Māori?”

  1. Fantastic article! Ka tautoko ahau ki a koe! Wish there were more Pākehā like me in NZ who can overcome their racist culture and see the beauty and value of learning te Reo Māori. Every person who mispronounces te Reo is just continuing the racist legacy that my people have bestowed upon Aotearoa. Time for us Pākehā to put truly honour and respect Māori.

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